Stress or emphasis on certain notes.
#, b, or [natural] symbols that tell the musician when notes outside the “diatonic” scale are used.
A slow tempo.
A fast tempo. In Italian the word means lively or merry.
The second highest female vocal part in harmonic writing.
Italian. A moderately slow tempo. In Italian the word means walking.
The vertical lines drawn across the staff to indicate the measures in a musical composition.
The middle range male voice.
The lowest male voice.
Transitional, moving from one section to another.
At the end of each phrase, the point of arrival or rest.
Vocal composition that contains many movements (sections).
All notes in a scale divided by half-steps.
Curwen Hand signs
A series of hand signs established Sara Ann Glover and disseminated by Rev. John Curwen in the mid-1800’s to connect physical movement with melodic singing.
Italian. (decresc.) A gradual decrease in loudness.
Any one of the common scales made of whole and half steps in a particular pattern. The white keys on a piano instrument from a diatonic scale.
A combination of sounds that produce harsh, discordant results, and increase the desire for resolution.
The fifth scale degree of a diatonic scale. The solfeggio syllable Sol corresponds to the Dominant.
Two tones having the same pitch but different spelling.
Lowers a note a 1/2 step.
2 or more tones sounded at the same time.
The space between two notes (counting the first note as one).
This is the part of the human anatomy that houses the vocal folds were singing or speaking tone is initiated.
The beginning of vocal sound.
The Italian word for “Passage.” This refers to the segment of the singers range where one changes from one register to another. For example from chest voice to head voice.
The Top voice in harmonic writing. Usually sung by young children, or the highest female singers.
The highest male part in harmonic writing, occasionally sung by females that have a low range.
Natural and rhythmic, but slight variation in pitch to add vocal color depending on music style and genre.